How is the BPSC exam conducted?

BPSC examination is conducted by the board of the Bihar Public Services Commission, Patna, to recruit multiple posts as per the notification from the commission. All the services are almost under the government of Bihar. The selected candidates are appointed for different positions as per their rank and merit list. The entire process, i.e., notification, application, allotment of the examination center, prelims, mains, personal interview, etc., is accomplished in every year or examination from its notification to the final result. All the steps are there in brief and chronologically explained.

Steps of Examination

First of all, the aspirants have to fill out the application form as per the eligibility criteria in terms of qualification, age, etc. There is a gap of four- to five months between the application form submission and prelims which is the primary gate of BPSC because you are allowed to appear in the mains after qualifying prelims only. It is based on the fixed qualifying marks as per the category, and then a subjective type of examination is conducted, which is called mains. The BPSC Prelims are objective-type exams, and there are multiple-choice answers. The candidates selected for mains have to write the entire examination. Where five subjects are there, out of these five, two papers are qualifying in nature with multiple choice answers. Rest three are considered for the scoring in which Gs-1, Gs-2, and Essays are there, and these three are the subjective type where you have to write the answer profoundly, lucidly, and precisely. After the mains exam, selected or qualified candidates are called for a personal interview.


The subjects are the most important thing every candidate must be acquainted with. As per the syllabus intimated by the BPSC, there are different segments of the subject from where questions are asked. For prelims, there are objective questions from the following topics, i.e.,

  • Prelims
  • General Science
  • Events of national and international importance
  • History of Bihar and Indian History
  • Geography
  • Geography of Bihar
  • Indian Polity and Economy
  • Changes in the economy of Bihar post-independence
  • Indian National Movement and Role of Bihar
  • General Mental Ability

The above subjects are covered for the prelims, and the ratio of questions is variable, but as per the previous year’s pattern, it can be inferred and prepared.

After the prelims, there are mains, and the subject for the mains are the following.

Mains subjects and papers


It is qualifying in nature, with sections like essays, grammar, summary, and sentence formation.


General Studies paper one covers the following subjects in the BPSC, and these are following.
Indian Culture
Modern History of India
Contemporary events of national and international importance
Data Interpretation – Statistical Analysis, diagrams, and graphs


National and Bihar-related subjects are covered in the general studies paper two, covering 300 marks.
Indian and Bihar Polity
Indian and Bihar Economy
Indian and Bihar Geography
Role and Impact of Science and Technology in the Development of India and Bihar


It’s the essential section of BPSC mains where three essays are there, each covering 100 marks, and overall, the Essay Writing section covers 300 marks which are considered for the final merit.
• Narratives / Statements
• Current Affairs
• Bihar Related


The optional subject can be selected among multiple subjects and designed in a multiple-choice answer pattern. Candidates must qualify it as per the precision fixed by the board based on category and all. Its marks are not calculated for the final merit.


The distribution of marks has been done as per the paper and at every step of the examination, and these are like that.


Total Questions – 150
One mark for each
0.25 negative marks for each wrong answer.
Marks of the BPSC Prelims are not counted for the final merit list. It must be qualified only.


Hindi -100 marks
GS-1 – 300 Marks
GS-2- 300 Marks
Essay – 300 marks
Optional – 100 Marks

In the mains examination, marks for Hindi, and optional and not considered for the final merit list. Rest, GS-1, GS-2, and Essays marks are counted, and as per the score in these three, including the marks in the personal interview, is considered.

Personal Interview

It consists of 120 marks and is added to the final score, and then the ranking is announced.


A step-by-step or chronological order for the BPSC exam has been discussed, including the subjects, marks, sections, optional, etc. Each is briefly defined and can benefit every aspirant, especially those at the initial level. Once the road map is clear, you can grasp the concept from multiple relevant study materials and ensure success in the BPSC examination.

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